'Nicholls01'Index links to: Lead / Letter
Families covered: Nicholl in Essex, Nicolls of Faxton, Nicholl of Hadham, Nicolls of Hardwick

(1) As BEB1841 reports: "The name of this family was spelt at different periods, Nycol, Nicoll, Nicolls, Nicholls, and Nicholl." Somewhat arbitrarily, with apologies to any family members who would prefer otherwise, we use "Nicholls" for the page titles but, for each branch, follow the relevant sources wherever possible.
(2) Commoners reports that "The Nicholls are stated to derive from Nicholas de Albini, alias Nigell, or Nicholl, who came over from Normandy in the time of Edward the Confessor, and families of the name, written at various periods Nicholl, Nicholls, Nicol, and Nicoll, flourished in Cornwall, Essex, and Northamptonshire, bearing the same arms, and all deriving from a common ancestor". BEB1841 adds that "The exact same coat armour was also used by the Nicholls, of Llantwitt Major, in Glamorganshire, and by the Nicholls of Cornwall, who derived probably from a common ancestor with the Northamptonshire family, but which branch is the senior it is difficult to ascertain." The arms of these families were: 'Sa., three pheons Arg.'
(3) Arbitrarily, we start with the Northamptonshire branch.
William Nicolls of Cley Coton, Northamptonshire (b c1479, d 07.09.1575)
1. Thomas Nicolls of Pitchley (Pickley) & Hardwick, Northamptonshire (b c1530, dvp 29.06.1568, serjeant-at-law)
m. Anne Pell (dau of John Pell of Eltington)
  A. Francis Nicolls of Hardwick (b 1557, d 01/04.04.1604, Governor of Tilbury Fort)
  m. Anne Seymour (b c1554, d 13.11.1591, dau of David Seymour)
  i. Sir Francis Nicolls of Hardwick & Faxton, Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1st Bart (b c1587, d 04.03.1641/2, MP)
m. (by 1618) Mary Bagshaw (b c1588, d 10.07.1634, dau of Edward Bagshaw of London by Maria Heminges of London)
  a. Sir Edward Nicolls of Hardwick & Faxton, 2nd Bart (b c1619, d 28.02.1682/3)
  m1. Judith St. John (bur 15.06.1663, dau of Sir Rowland St. John by Sybilla, dau of John Vaughan)
  (1)+ 7 daughters
  m2. (20.02.1664/5) Jane Soame (d before 19.06.1707, dau of Sir Stephen Soame of Heydon by Elizabeth Playters)
  (8) Sir Edward Nicolls of Hardwick & Faxton, 3rd Bart (dsp 1717)
  (9) Anne Nicolls (d 17.04.1676)
  m. Harold Kynnesman of Broughton
  (10) Susanna Nicolls (dsp 1730)
  m. Sir John Danvers
  (11) Jane Nicolls
  m1. John Rainsford (d 1711)
  m2. (William) Kemsey
  b. Mary Nicolls (b c1616, a 1618)
  ii. Mary Nicolls (d unm)
  B. Sir Augustine Nicolls of Faxton (Foxton) (b c1559, dsp 03.08.1616-7, judge)
  m. Mary Heminges of London (widow of Edward Bagshaw of London)
C. Lewis Nicolls of London (dsp)
  D. William Nicolls of Tilton, Leicestershire (a 1619)
  m. Joyce Gifford (dau of George Gifford of Bottlebridge)
  i. Augustine Nicolls 'of Tilton' (b 1608, d 08.02.1638)
  Nichols shows that Augustine m. Alice (d 1635). This appears to be ...
  m. (26.05.1629) Alice Andrew ((bpt 1610, dau of Thomas Andrew of Harleston)
  ii. Anne Nicolls (b c1608)
  m. _ Brooke
  iii.+ other issue (a 1619) - William (b c1617), Francis (b c1618), Mary (b c1607), Elizabeth (b c1613), Jane (b c1616)
  E. Susanna Nicolls
  m. Robert Manley of Warwickshire
  F. Anna Nicolls
  m. Edward Haselrige of Thedingworth
  G. Margery Nicolls
  m. Michael Purefoy of (Drayton or) Muston (Purifoy of Mussin)



Berry shows the arms of the following family as: 'Sa., a pheon argent, on a conton of the second a bird of the field, beaked or'.
Anthony Nicholl of Hadham Parva, Hertfordshire (a 1581)
m. Rebecca Brett
1. Anthony Nicholl of Hadham Parva (bpt 1622, 3rd son)
  A. William Nicholl (bpt 1657)
  i.+ issue - John, Sarah, Mary
  B. Anthony Nicholl of Farnham, Essex (bpt 1664, a 1711)
  m. _ Darcy
  C. Thomas Nicholl of Stansted Mountfitchet & Hadham, Essex (d 1735)
  m. Susan
  i. John Nicholl of Hadham (bpt 1696, d 1756)
  m. Mary
  a. John Nicholl of Takely, Essex (dsp 1775)
  m. _ Darby
b. Joseph Nicholl of Hadham
  m. Susan Baker of Matching
  (1) John Nicholl (b 1763, d 1790)
  m. Mary Miller (dau of Matthias Miller of Epping)
  (A) John Nicholl of Islington (b 1790) had issue
  m. Elizabeth Sarah Rahn (dau/heir of John Rahn of Cheshunt then Enfield by Mary, dau of Jo. Miller of Nash Hall by Elizabeth, dau of Robert Gough of Battles Hall in Stapleford Abbot)
  (2) Zachariah Nicholl of Hadham (d 1816)
  m. Mary
  (A) William Nicholl of Hadham (dsp)
  (B)+ other issue - Ann, Sarah
  (3)+ other issue - Mary, Sarah
  c. William Nicholl
  m. Joanna Phipps (dau of _ Phipps of Braughin)
  (1) John Nicholl of Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire
  (A)+ issue - John, Ann, Sarah
  (2) Anne Nicholl
  m. _ Clayton
  d.+ other issue - Thomas, Ann, Elizabeth
  ii.+ other issue - Thomas, Zachariah of Farnham
  D. Zachariah Nicholl (bpt 1667)
  i. John Nicholl of Hazel End in Farnham
  a. John Nicholl of Little Easton & Martins in Dunmow, Essex
  m. _ Stone
  (1) John Nicholl of Thaxted, Essex
  m. _ Chalico
  (A) daughter
  (2) Ezekiel Nicholl of Earl's Colne
  (A) John Nicholl
  (3) Zachariah Nicholl of Little Easton
  (A)+ 2 daughters
  (4) James Nicholl
  (A) John Nicholl (dsp)
  (5) William Nicholl of Walden, Essex
  m. Ann Nicholl (dau of John Nicholl of Walden)
  (A)+ issue - George, Charles, William, Henry
  (6) Samuel Nicholl
  (A)+ issue - Samuel, Zachariah, Ezekiel
  (7) Thomas Nicholl of Great Waltham, Essex
  (A)+ issue - Thomas, Samuel, James
  ii.+ other issue - Mary, Sarah
  E. John Nicholl of Chrishall, Essex (a 1738)
2.+ other issue - William (bpt 1616), Zachariah (bpt 1619), Susan (bpt 1630)

Main source(s):
(1) For upper section (reviewed using Nichols) :BEB1841 ('Nicolls of Hardwick'), 'History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester' (John Nichols, vol 3, part 1, 1800, 'Pedigree of Nicolls of Tilton; and of Hardwick', p480), Visitation (Metcalfe (1887), Northamptonshire, 1618-9, 'Nicholls of Hardwick'), Visitation (Leicestershire, 1619, 'Nicolls'), TCB (vol 2, 'Nichols or Nicolls of Hardwick', p114)
(2) For lower section : Berry's Essex Pedigrees (1838, 'Nicholl' (no. 2))
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