'Hicks1'Index links to: Lead / Letter
Families covered: Hicks of Beverston Castle, Hicks of Bristow (Bristol), Hicks of Cromhall Court, Hicks of Tetworth (Tortworth), Hicks of Witcombe Park, Beach-Hicks of Williamstrip Park

(1) Beach (p11) reports "an attractive theory about the origin of the name of Hicks. The Hwiccas were a Saxon tribe inhabiting the greater part of Gloucestershire" ... and "it would have been a natural thing that a person clearly belonging to that tribe should have beeb called Hicks." A note at the top of Hicks2 provides an alternative origin.
(2) There is some uncertainty on the early generations of the family shown below. BP1934 does not identify the father of the Robert of London who m. Juliana Arthur but does mention his cousins Richard & Morgan and their father Thomas. Visitation shows that Robert as possibly but not certainly son of Thomas of Bristow elder son of John of Tetworth (d 38H8, 1546-7, the younger son being John of Totworth & Bristow, father of Thomas who d 42QE (1599-1600)) son of John of Tetworth who d 2H7 (1486-7). Betham shows Robert as son of John of Tortworth who d 2H7. BHO ('Middlesex County Records, vol 4, 1667-88, 'Sir Baptist Hicks') confirms that the family came from Tortworth in Gloucestershire (not Tetworth which is in Cambridgeshire) and reports that "The existing authentic pedigree starts from John Hicks of Tortworth .. (d 1546) and Margaret his wife whose only son was Robert. Beach (p29) reports that "it may as well be confessed at once that (available sources) altogether fails to put a name to (Robert's) father or grandfather" and (p30) that "all that can be proved is the fact that Robert's father was a younger brother of .. Thomas Hicks of Cromhall".
(3) The above leaves it unclear how the family of Tortworth (shown in the Visitation as Tetworth) connected to that of Cromhall Court. The following is speculative!
John Hicks of Tetworth (i.e. Tortworth), Gloucestershire (d 1486) father of John possibly also of Thomas
1. Thomas Hicks of Cromhall Court (a 1543)
  A. Rchard Hicks of Cromhall Court (d by 1558)
m. Edithe Neale
  B. Morgan Hicks or Hixe of Cromhall Court (d by 1565)
  i. Arthur Hicks of Hixe of Cromhall Court (a 1608, d by 1616)
  a. Thomas Hicks of Cromhall Court (a 1616, clothier)
  m. Elizabeth Clutterbuck (d 28.07.1629, dau of William Clutterbuck of Eastington)
  (1) Thomas Hicks of Cromhall Court
  m. Joane (bur 11.02.1718)
  (A) Thomas Hicks of Cromhall Court (bpt 1654, d 1707)
  m. Martha (b c1646, d 1730)
  (i) Thomas Hicks of Cromhall Court (b 1671)
  m. (25.04.1700) Mary Webb of Abbotside
  (a) John Hicks of Cromhall Court (a 1741)
  (b) Mary Hicks of Cromhall Court (d unm 14783))
  (ii) Thomas Hicks
  (iii) Esther Hicks (d 1707)
  m. (1697) Ambrose Marklove
  (B)+ son (bpt 1655), daughter (bpt 1660)
b.+ other issue - Arthur, Morgan
2. John Hicks of Tortworth (d 1546)
  m. Margaret
  The following is consistent with the information in the notes above except that BHO reports that Robert was John's only son and Visitation makes no mention of Robert. However, doing this has the advantage of enabling us to show the data given by Visitation. Note that:
* Visitation, which shows John as father of Thomas and John only, shows John as "4 yeare old at his ffather's death" whereas Robert was about 22 years old. There could be a generation missing somewhere.
* It is odd that, as far as we have seen, 'A Cotswold Family' makes no mention of the branch at Tortworth.
  A. Robert Hicks of Cheapside, London (b c1524, d 1557)
m. Juliana Arthur (d 1592, dau of William Arthur of Clapton (not Clapham) in Gordano)
  i. Sir Michael Hicks of Beverston Castle, Witcombe Park & Ruckholts (b 21.10.1543, d 15.08.1612)
  m. Elizabeth Colston (bur 14.02.1634, dau of Gabriel Colston of Forest House)
  a. Sir William Hicks, 1st Bart of Beverston Castle (b 1596, d 09.10.1680)
  m. (08.09.1625) Margaret Paget (bur 10.09.1652, dau of William Paget, 4th Lord of Beaudesert)
  (1) Sir William Hicks, 2nd Bart of Beverston Castle, Sheriff of Essex (b 12.1629, d 22.04.1703)
  m. (07.02.1661-2) Mathagnes Coningsby (d 1723, dau of Sir Henry Coningsby of North Myms Park)
(A) Sir Henry Hicks, 3rd Bart (d 28.10.1755)
  m1. Elizabeth Holmes (d 14.01.1705, dau of Admiral Sir John Holmes)
  (i) Henry Hicks (dvp unm)
  m2. Barbara Johnson (bur 08.08.1746, dau of Joseph Johnson of Walthamstow)
  (ii) Sir Robert Hicks, 4th Bart (d unnm 1768)
  (iii) Michael Hicks of Chigwell Hall and Beverston Castle (dsp 03.1764)
  (B) Charles Hicks of Wild (d 1760)
  m. _ Coningsby
  (i) Sir John Baptist Hicks, 5th Bart (dsp 23.11.1792)
  (C) Mary Hicks (d 1710)
  m. (sp?) James Darcy of Sedbury, 1st Lord Navan (b 1650, d 1731)
  (D) Margaret Hicks
  m. (1694) Anthony Wharton of Gillingwood
  (2) Sir Michael Hicks of Witcombe Park (b 1645, d 04.05.1710)
m. (08.1679) Susanna Howe (dau of Sir Richard Howe (Sheriff of London))
  (A) Howe Hicks of Witcombe Park (d 1723)
  m. Mary Watts (dau of Jeffrey Watts of Essex)
  (i) Sir Howe Hicks, 6th Bart (b 08.08.1722, d 08.1801)
  m. (28.07.1739) Martha Browne (dau of Rev. John Browne of Coberly)
  (a) Sir William Hicks, 7th Bart, Sheriff of Gloucestershire (b 29.10.1754, d 23.10.1834)
  m1. (12.05.1785) Judith Whitcombe (dsps 05.03.1787, dau of Edward Whitcombe of Orleton)
  m2. (07.10.1793) Anne Rachel Chute (d 13.04.1839, dau of Thomas Lubb Chute of The Vine)
  ((1)) Anne Rachel Hicks (b c1794, d 23.09.1885)
m. (16.03.1816) Sir Lambert Cromie, 2nd Bart (dsp)
  (b) Michael Hicks, later Hicks-Beach of Beverston Castle & Williamstrip Park (b 11.04.1760, d 05.01.1830)
  m. (07.10.1779) Henrietta Maria Beach (d 18.10.1837, dau of William Beach of Netheravon)
  ((1)) Michael Beach Hicks of Beverston Castle, Williamstrip, Netheravon and Keevil Manor (b 22.10.1780, dvp 27.09.1817) had issue
  m. (26.01.1809) Caroline James Mount (d 04.05.1860, dau of William Mount of Wasing Place
Their elder son became the 8th baronet. His elder son became 1st Earl St. Aldwyn.
  ((2)) William Hicks, later Beach of Oakley Hall & Keevil (b 24.07.1783, d 22.11.1856) had issue
  m. (01.02.1826) Jane Henrietta Browne (d 11.08.1831, dau of John Browne of Salperton)
  ((3)) Henrietta Maria Hicks (d unm 1808)
  ((4)) Jane Martha Hicks (dsp)
  m. (24.02.1848) Edward St. John
  (c) Martha Hicks
  m. Rev. John Pettat ("Rector of Stonehouse)
  ((1)) Martha Susannah Pettat probably of this generation
m. (02.11.1793) John Browne of Salperton Park
  (d) Alice Hicks
  m. Thomas Lofield of Bath
  (e) Anne Hicks
  m. James King of Stanton
  (B) Alice Hicks
  m. William White of Little Somerford
  (C)+ 8 others (d young)
  (3) Letitia Hicks (bpt 13.07.1626, bur 15.05.1691)
  m1. (13.08.1651) Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall (b 16.06.1606, d 18.03.1674-5)
  m2. Sir William Franklyn of Maverne
  b. Michael Hicks
c. Elizabeth Hicks (bur 27.09.1626)
  m. (14.12.1619) Sir William Armine, 1st Bart of Osgodby (d 10.04.1651)
  ii. Clement Hicks of Chester (d 1627)
  m1. _ Ball
  m2. Anne Hughes (dau of _ Hughes of the Holte)
  iii. Sir Baptist Hicks of Hicks Hall (in Clerkenwell, Middlesex), 1st Viscount Campden (b c1551, d 18.10.1629)
  m. (06.09.1584) Elizabeth May (bur 11.08.1643, dau of Richard May of London by Mary Hillersdon)
  a. Julian Hicks (d 25.11.1680)
  m. (20.12.1605) Sir Edward Noel, 1st Lord of Ridlington, 2nd Viscount Campden (d 08.03.1642/3)
  b. Mary Hicks
  m1. Sir Charles Morrison, 1st Bart of Cashiobury (d 1628)
  m2. (sp) Sir John Cooper, 1st Bart of Rockbourne (d 23.03.1631)
Visitation, but not TCP ('Campden'), mentions the following sons ...
  c.+ other issue (dvsp) - Arther, Arther, Baptist
  iv.+ other issue (d infant) - Francis, Henry, John
  Visitation provides the following.
  B. Thomas Hicks of Bristow
  m. Elizabeth Yate (dau of Leonard Yate of Whitney)
  Visitation shows Thomas & Elizabeth as possibly but not certainly (the connection is by dotted line) of the Robert whom we show as Thomas's elder brother.
  C. John Hicks of Tetworth (Tortworth) & Bristow (b c1542)
  m. Ursula Yate (dau of Leonard Yate of Whitney, m2. Thomas Lee)
  i. Thomas Hicks of Tortworth (d 1599-1600)
  a. William Hicks (b c1593, a 1603)

Main source(s): BP1934 ('St. Aldwyn'), 'A Cotswold Family' (Susan Hicks Beach, 1909) with some input from Visitation (Gloucestershire, 1623, 'Hicks') and some support from Betham's Baronetage (vol 1 (1801), '#15. Hicks of Beverston', p171+)
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