'Pennyston1'Index links to: Lead / Letter
Families covered: Penyston of Beaconsfield, Pennyston of Cornwell, Pennyston of Deane, Penyston of Hawridge, Pennyston of Leigh, Penyston of Penyston, Peniston of Saffron Walden

(1) The name of this family appears to have derived from the Cornish words "penn", meaning the end or head of something (for land, a promontory or peninsula) and "ton", meaning enclosure or estate (same root as "town"). The name is spelt variously. BEB1841 starts with Penyston then Penestone then Peneystone. The Oxfordshire Visitation uses Penistone & Peniston. The Buckinghamshire Visitation used Pennystone & Pennyston. Somewhat arbitrarily, on this page we mostly use Penyston for the upper section and Pennyston for the lower section.
(2) For the top section, the data obtained from the 'Main Sources' has been supplemented by data found in a RootsWeb site (here) which is shown in italics.
Sir Thomas de Penyston of Truro, Conrwall (a temp the Conqueror)
1. Sir John de Penyston
A. Sir William de Penyston
  i. Sir George de Penyston
  a. Sir Thomas de Penyston
  m. _ Ilderton
  BEB1841 confirms that descended "in the fourth degree" from the above Sir John was ...
  (1) Sir Giles Penyston of Penyston, Yorkshire
  BEB1841 reports that Sir Giles "enjoyed great possessions in Cornwall by Isabel, his wife". The RootsWeb site suggests that his 1st wife was Countess of Cornwall and that his 2nd was Matilda Harcourt, shown as mother of Geoffrey (and Matilda).
  m1. Isabel, "Countess of Cornwall"
(A) Anne Penyston (dsp)
  m2. Matilda de Harcourt (dau of Richard de Harcourt of Stanton)
  (B) Sir Geoffery Penyston of Penyston (a temp Henry III who r. 1216-1272)
  m. Grace d'Eyncourt (dau of Sir Edmund d'Eyncourt of Blankeney, son of Lord d'Eyncourt)
  (i) Thomas Penyston
  m. Katherine Hartley
  (a) Sir Edmund Penyston of Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire (a temp Edward II who r. 1307-1327)
  m. Beatrix Fauconberg (dau/heir of Sir Geofferey Fauconberg)
  ((1)) Sir Walter Penyston 'of Beckhamefield' (Beaconsfield)
  m. Dorothy Ingleby (dau of Sir Humphrey Ingleby)
  BEB1841 jumps from this generation to the Thomas who m. Alice Bulstrode (below). The intervening generations come from the above-mentioend RootsWeb site.
  ((A)) Sir George Penyston
  m. Margaret Harpenden (dau/heir of Sir William Harpenden by Elizabeth, dau of Sir Ralph Hosterly)
((i)) Sir Thomas Penyston
  The RootsWeb site identifies Sir Thomas's wife as Isabel, dau/coheir of John Beawchampe (Beauchamp) of Holt & Hawrudge (by Mary, dau of Sir Richard Mowbray), son of Lord Wiliam (by Maud, dau/coheir of Lord Ufflet) son/heir of Lord John, son of William, Baron of Elmley, by Isabel Mauduit. This appears to be inconsistent with what we show on Beauchamp1.
  ((a)) Sir John Penyston of Hawrudge (Hawridge) (d c1416)
  m. Elianor Chesham (dau of John Chesham of Chesham Boys, m2. Sir John Cheney of Chesham)
  (((1))) Sir Richard Penyston
  m. Margaret Heries (dau/heir of Sir Philip Heries of Harris)
  (((A))) Thomas Pennyston of Hawridge - continued below
  m. Alice Bulstrode (dau of Richard Bulstrode of Buckingamshire)
  (((B))) Susan Penyston
  m1. Sir Richard Verney
  m2. Sir William Packington
  (((2))) Joyce Penyston
  m1. Sir William Fyenles (Fiennes?)
  m2. Sir Ralph Dormer
  (((3))) Beatrix Penyston
  m. Sir John Hampden of Hampden
  ((b)) Ann Penyston
  m. Sir John Molyns
  ((c)) Eleanor Penyston
  m1. Sir Edmond Wideon
  m2. Sir John Denton
  ((d)) Mary Penyston
  m1. Sir John Mortimer of Gryndon
  m2. _ Hawtrly
  m3. Sir Humfry Stafford
  ((ii)) Elizabeth Penyston
  m. Sir Philip la Vache (KG)
  ((ii)) Matilda Penyston
  m1. _ Greville
  m2. Thomas, Lord Camoys
  m3. Sir William Throckmorton
  ((B)) Ursula Penyston
  m. Sir Stephen Chenduyt
  (C) Matilda Penyston
2.+ other issue - Thomas, William



Thomas Pennyston of Hawridge (Haurage or Hawruge), Buckinghamshire - continued above
m. Alice Bulstrode (dau of Richard Bulstrode of Buckingamshire)
1. Thomas Pennyston of Deane, Oxfordshire
  m. Anne Fox (dau of Richard Fox of Barford)
A. Anthony Pennyston
  m. Jane Newport (dau of ?? Newport of Russock by ??, dau/heir of ?? Talbot of Grafton)
  i. Thomas Pennyston of Deane and/or Beaconsfield
  m. Elizabeth Ashfield (dau of Humphrey Ashfield of Heythrop)
  a. Thomas Pennyston of St. Margaret's (near Rochester) (dvp)
  m. Mary Somer (dau/coheir of John Somer or Sommers of Newland)
(1) Sir Thomas Pennyston of Leigh, 1st Bart (d c1644)
  m1. (sps) Anne Stonehouse (dau of Sir William Stonehouse)
  m2. (sps) Martha Temple (dau of Sir Thomas Temple, Bart of Stowe)
  m3. Elizabeth Watson (dau/eir of Sir Thomas Watson of Halstead, widow of Sir William Pope)
(A) Sir Thomas Pennyston of Cornwell in Oxfordshire, 2nd Bart
  m. Elizabeth Fairmedow (dau of Sir Cornelius Fairmedow of London)
  (i) Sir Thomas Pennyston, 3rd Bart (d unm 1679)
  (ii) Sir Fairmedow Pennyston, 4th Bart (dsp 24.12.1705)
  m1. Elizabeth Read (dau of Sir Compton Read, Bart of Shipton)
  m2. Mary Powney of Old Windsor (widow of Sir William Paul of Braywick)
  (iii) Charles Pennyston (d unm)
  (iv) Anthony Penniston probably of this generation
(a) Susan Penniston (d 23.09.1720)
  m. (c1683) Sir Francis Clinton, 6th Earl of Lincoln (b c1635, d 04.09.1693)
  (B) John Pennyston (dsp 1632)
  (C) Elizabeth Pennyston
  m. John Hastings of Dalisford
  (D) Mary or Anne Pennyston (b 1653)
  m. Sir James Astrey (master in Chancery)
  (2) Mary Pennyston probably of this generation
  m1. Thomas Whalley of Kirton & Willoughby (dvp c1628)
m2. Richard Draper
  (3) Elizabeth Pennyston probably of this generation
  m. James Ayloffe of Melbourne
  b. Anne Pennyston
  m. Thomas Hauslappe of Warwickshire
  c. Dorothy Pennyston (dsp) possibly of this generation
  m. George Whitton of Woodstock Park
  d .+ other issue including John ("several sons and daughters who left posterity")
  ii. Anthony Pennyston or Peniston of (Saffron) Walden
The following comes from Visitation (Essex, 1634, Penistone) & Visitation (London, 1633, Peniston).
  m. Alice Graves
a. James Peniston of Saffron Walden (a 1634)
  b. Anthony Peniston of London (a 1633)
  m. Martha Barrett of London
  (1)+ issue (a 1633) - John (b c1626), Samuel, Elizabeth
  iii. Michael Pennyston
  B. Michael Pennyston of Bampton, Oxfordshire
  m. Anne Calthrope (dau of James Calthrope of Cockthorpe)
  i.+ issue - John, Michael, Cicely
  C. Winifred Pennyston
  m. Thomas Pullysone, Sheriff of London
  D. Anne Pennyston
  m. Robert Lytler of Cheshire
  E. Dorothy Pennyston
  m. George Whitten of Woodstock
2. Jane Pennyston
  m. John Hastings of Delford (Eleford)
3. Lettice Pennyston
  m1. Robert Knollis
  m2. Sir Robert Lee of Burston
  m3. (sp) Sir Thomas Tressam (Tresham) of Ruscombe (Lord Prior of St. John?)

Main source(s): BEB1841 (Peneystone of Leigh) with some support/input from Visitation (Buckinghamshire, 1634, Pennyston), Visitation (Oxfordshire, 1566+1574, Peniston of Bampton) and, for the upper section, input from the RootsWeb site linked to above
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