'Stewart04'Index links to: Lead / Letter
Families covered: Stuart Kings of Scotland & England & Ireland, Stuart of Lennox, Stuart of Richmond, FitzRoy of Cleveland & Southampton

John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Lennox (d 04.09.1526)
m. (mcrt 19.11.1511) Elizabeth (or Anne) Stewart (dau of Sir John Stewart of Balveny, 1st Earl of Atholl)
1. Matthew Stuart, 4th Earl of Lennox (b 21.09.1516, d 04.09.1571)
  m. (06.07.1544) Margaret Douglas (b 1515, d 1577-8, dau of Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus)
  A. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (b 07.12.1545, d 09.02.1567, 2nd son)
  m. (29.07.1565) Mary Stewart, Queen of Scots (b 7/8.12.1542, d 08.02.1586-7)
i. James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland, King James I of England & Ireland (b 19.06.1566, d 27.03.1625)§A
  m. (23/4.11.1589) Anne of Denmark (b 14.10.1574, d 02.03.1619, dau of Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway)
ancestors line S (part)
  a. Henry Frederick Stuart, Prince of Wales (b 1593-4, d 06.11.1612)
  b. Elizabeth Stuart (b 19.08.1596, d 13.02.1662)§R§
  m. (14.02.1612-13) Frederick V, King of Bohemia, Elector Palatine of the Rhine (d 29.11.1632)
  Grandparents of George of Hanover, King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.
c. Charles Stuart, King Charles I of England, Scotland & Ireland (b 19.11.1600, d 30.01.1649)
  m. (1625) Henriette Marie of France (b 26.11.1609, d 10.09.1669, dau of Henry IV, King of France and Navarre)
ancestors line S (part)
  (1) Charles Stuart, Duke of Cornwall (b/d 13.05.1629)
  (2) Charles Stuart, King Charles II of England, Scotland & Ireland (b 29.05.1630, d 06.02.1685)
  m. (21.05.1662) Katherine of Braganza (d 30.11.1705, dau of John IV, King of Portugal)
  p1. Lucy Walter (d 1658, dau of William Walter or Walters of Haverfordwest)
  (A) James Crofts, later Scott, Duke of Monmouth, 1st Duke of Buccleuch (d 15.07.1685)
It is understood that James was the King's favourite of his (illegitimate) children. However, although the King acknowledged James as his child, there is doubt that he was actually so. More information on this is given on the continuation page.
  m. Anna Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch (b 11.02.1651, d 06.02.1732)
(B) Mary Walters or Crofts (d 1693)
  Mary claimed to have been a child (by Lucy Walter) of the King but this was never acknowledged by him. Provisionally, we follow those who suggest that her father was Theobald Taaffe, 1st Earl of Carlingford.
  p2. Elizabeth Killigrew (bpt 16.05.1622, bur 04.01.1680/1, dau of Sir Robert Killigrew, wife of Francis Boyle, 1st Viscount Shannon)
  (C) Charlotta Jemima Henrietta Boyle or FitzRoy (b c1650, d 28.07.1684)
  m1. James Howard (bur 06.07.1669)
  m2. (17.07.1672) William Paston, 2nd Earl of Yarmouth (b 1653/4, d 25.12.1732)
p3. Catherine Peg (dau of Thomas Peg of Yeldersley)
  (D) Charles FitzCharles, Earl of Plymouth (b 1657, dsp 17.10.1680)
  m. (12/9.09.1678) Bridget Osborne (d 12.09.1678, dau of Sir Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds)
  (E) Catherine FitzCharles (d unm 1759)
  p4. Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland (d 09.10.1709, dau of William Villiers, 2nd Viscount Grandison)
(F) Charles Fitzroy, Duke of Southampton, Duke of Cleveland (b 06.1662, d 1731)
  m1. Mary Wood (dsp 1680, dau of Sir Henry Wood)
  m2. Anne Poultney (dau of Sir William Poultney of Misterton)
  (i) William FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland & Southampton (dsp 1774)
  m. Henrietta Finch (dau of Daniel Finch, Earl of Winchelsea)
  (ii) Grace FitzRoy
  m. (1725) Henry Vane, 3rd Lord, 1st Earl of Darlington (d 06.03.1758)
(iii) Anne FitzRoy
  m. Francis Paddy
  (iv)+ other issue - Charles (b 1699, d 1723), Henry (b 1701, d 1708), Barbara (d unm)
  (G) Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (b 28.09.1663, d 09.10.1690)
  m. (01.08.1672) Isabel Bennet (d 07.02.1722-3, dau of Henry Bennet, Earl of Arlington)
  (H) George Palmer, later Fitzroy, Duke of Northumberland (b 28.12.1665, dspl 28.06.1716)
m1. (before 15.03.1685/6) Catherine Wheatley (dsp 25.05.1714, dau of Robert Wheatley of Bracknell, widow of Thomas Lucy of Charlecote)
  m2. (by 10.03.1715) Mary Dutton (d 27.08.1738, dau of Henry Dutton, sister of Captain Mark)
  (I) Anne Palmer or Fitzroy (b 02/25.02.1601, d 16.05.1722)
  m. (16.05.1674) Thomas Lennard, Earl of Sussex (b 13.05.1654, d 30.10.1715)
  (J) Charlotte FitzRoy (b 05.09.1664, d 17.02.1717-8)
  m. (06.02.1676/7) Sir Edward Henry Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield (b 04.02.1662/3, d 14.07.1716)
  (K) Barbara FitzRoy (b 1672, d 06.05.1737)
  p. James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamlton, 1st Duke of Brandon (b 11.04.1658, d 15.11.1712)
  p5. Eleanor (Nell) Gwynne
  (L) Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St. Albans (b 08.05.1670, d 11.05.1726)
  m. Diana de Vere (dau of Aubrey de Vere, 20th Earl of Oxford)
  (M) James Beauclerk (b 1672, d 1680)
p6. Louise de Kerouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth, Duchess d'Aubigny (d 14.11.1734, dau of Guillaume de Penancoet, Count de Kerouaille)
  (N) Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox (b 29.07.1672, d 27.05.1723)
  m. (1692-3) Anne Brudenell (d 09.12.1722, dau of Francis, Lord Brudenell)
  p7. Mary Davis or Davies (singer and actress)
  (O) Mary Tudor (b 1673, d 05.11.1726)
  m1. (18.08.1687) Francis Ratciff, 2nd Earl of Derwentwater (b 09.12.1655, d 29.04.1705)
  m2. (23.05.1705) Henry Graham of Levens (dvpsp 07.01.1706-7)
  m3. (16/26.08.1707) James Rooke
  (3) James Stuart, King James II of England & Ireland, King James VII of Scotland (b 14.10.1633, d 19.09.1701)
  m1. (24.11.1659) Anne Hyde (d 31.03.1671, dau of Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon)
  (A) Mary Stuart, Queen Mary of England, Scotland & Ireland (b 30.04.1662, dsp 28.12.1694)
  m. (04.11.1677) William of Orange, King William III of England, Scotland & Ireland (b 1650, dsp 08.03.1701/2, cousin)
  (B) Anne Stuart, Queen Anne of Great Britain and Ireland (b 06.02.1664-5, d 11.08.1714)
  m. (28.07.1683) Prince George of Denmark, Duke of Cumberland (d 28.11.1708)
  (i) William, Duke of Gloucester (b 24.07.1689, d 20.07.1700)
(C)+ other issue - Charles (b 1660, d infant, Duke of Cambridge), James (b 11.07.1663, d 20.06.1669, Duke of Cambridge), Charles (b 07.1666, d young, Duke of Kendal), Edgar (b 09.1667, d c1672, Duke of Cambridge), Henrietta (b 01.1668-9, d young), Katharine (b 02.1670-1, d young)
  m2. (30.09.1673) Mary d'Este (b 05.10.1658, d 08.05.1718, dau of Alphonso III, Duke of Modena)
  (I) James Francis Edward Stuart ('the Old Pretender') (b 10.06.1688, d 01.01.1766)
  m. (09.1719) Clementina Sobieska (b 06.07.1702, d 30.12.175, dau of Prince James Sobieski of Poland)
  (i) Charles Edward Louis Casimir Stuart ('the Young Pretender', 'Bonnie Prince Charlie') (b 31.12.1720, dspl 31.01.1788)
m. (17.04.1772) Louise Maximiliane-Emanuella (d 29.01.1824, dau of Prince Gustavus Adolphus of Stolberg Guedern)
  p. Clementina Maria Sophia Walkinshaw, 'Countess of Alberstroff' (d 11.1802, dau of John Walkinshaw of Camlachie and Barrowfield)
  (a) Charlotte Stuart, 'Duchess of Albany' (bpt 29.10.1753, dspl 17.11.1789)
  p. Prince Ferdinand de Rohan, Archbishop of Cambrai
  (ii) Henry Benedict Stuart, Duke of York, Cardinal (b 06.03.1724-5, d 13.07.1807)
(J)+ other issue - Charles (b 07.11.1667, d 12.12.1667, Duke of Cambridge), Elizabeth (b 1678, d young), Charlotta Maria (b 15.08.1682, d infant), Louisa Maria Teresa (b 06.1692, d 18.04.1712)
  p1. Margaret Brooke (dsp 1666/7, dau of Sir William Brooke)
  p2. Arabella Churchill (dau of Sir Winston Churchill)
  (N) James FitzJames, Duke of Berwick (b 21.08.1670, d 12.06.1734, Marshal of France) had issue
  James was attainted for his support of his father against Parliament and lost his Dukedom of Berwick. For his services to the French Crown, James was created Duke of Liria & Xerica in Spain and Duke FitzJames in France.
  m1. (26.03.1695) Honora Burgh (b 1675, d 16.01.1698, dau of William Burgh, Earl of Clanricarde)
  m2. (18.04.1700) Anne Bulkeley (d 12.06.1751, dau of Henry Bulkeley)
  (O) Henry FitzJames (d 1702)
  m. Marie Gabrielle d'Audibert, Comtesse de Lussan
(P) Henrietta FitzJames (b 1670, d 03.04.1730)
  m1. Sir Henry Waldegrave, 1st Lord of Chewton (b 1661, d 1689/90)
  m2. (03.1695) Piers Butler, 3rd Viscount of Galmoye (d 18.06.1740)
  (Q) Ignatia FitzJames (b c1674, d 07.11.1704)
  p3. Catharine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester (dau of Sir Charles Sedley, Bart)
  (R) Catharine Darnley (b 1682, d 14.03.1743)
  m1. (28.10.1699, div 1701) James Annesley, 3rd Earl of Anglesey (bpt 13.07.1670, d 21.01.1701)
  m2. (16.03.1705/6) John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham and Normandy (b 08.09.1647, d 24.02.1720/1)
  (4) Mary Stuart, 'Princess Royal' (b 04.11.1631, d 24.12.1660)
m. (02.05.1648) William II, Prince of Orange (d 06.11.1650)
  Parents of William of Orange who married his cousin Mary and became King of England, Scotland & Ireland (see above).
  (5) Henrietta Anne Stuart (b 16.06.1644, d 30.06.1670)
  m. (31.03.1661) Phillip, Duke of Orleans (d 09.06.1701, brother of Louis XIV)
(6)+ other issue - Elizabeth (b 29.12.1635, d 08.09.1650), Anne (b 17.03.1636-7, d 08.12.1640), Katharine (b/d 29.01.1638-9), Henry (b 08.07.1640, d 13.09.1660, Duke of Gloucester)
  p. _ Brydges mentioned by Wikipedia (Jeremy Taylor")
  That King Charles I (a very different person from his son Charles) may have had an illegitimate daughter is rarely mentioned. The matter is mentioned in this blog.
  (10) Joanna Brydges
  m. Jeremy Taylor, Bishop of Down & Connor (b 1613, d 1667)
  d.+ other issue - Margaret (b 24.12.1598, d infant), Robert (b 1601-2, d 1602, Duke of Kintyre), Mary (b 08.04.1605, d 16.12.1607), Sophia (b 22.06.1606, d 23.06.1606)
  B. Charles Stuart, 5th Earl of Lennox (b 1557, d 1576, 4th son)
  Charles is sometimes known as the 6th Earl rather than the 5th on the basis that King James (VI of Scotland) assumed the title of Earl of Lennox for a time.
  m. (1574) Elizabeth Cavendish (dau of Sir William Cavendish of Chatsworth)
  i. Arabella Stuart (b c1577, d 25.09.1615)
  m. (22.06.1610, sp) William Seymour, Marquess of Hertford, 2nd Duke of Somerset (b 1588, d 24.10.1660)
  C.+ other issue - Henry (b/d 1544), Philip (b 1556, d young?)
2. Robert Stuart, 6th Earl of Lennox, Earl of March (dspl 29.08.1586)
  m. (06.12.1578, div 05.1581) Elizabeth Stewart (dau of John Stewart, 4th Earl of Atholl)
  partner unknown
  A. Margaret Stuart
  m. Robert Algeo of Easter Walkinshaw
3. John Stuart, lord d'Aubigny (d 31.05.1567)
  m. (c1542) Anne de la Queulle (dau of Francois, seigneur de la Queulle)
  A. Esme Stuart, 1st Duke of Lennox (b c1542, d 28.05.1583)
  m. (1572) Catherine de Balsac (a 1632, dau of William de Balsac)
  i. Ludovic Stuart, 2nd Duke of Lennox, Duke of Richmond (b 29.09.1574, d 16.02.1623-4)
  m1. (20.04.1591) Sophia Ruthven (dsp by1592, dau of William Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie)
  m2. (08.1598) Jean Campbell (d by 1612, dau of Sir Matthew Campbell of Loudoun)
  a.+ issue (d young) - son, Elizabeth
  m3. (1621) Frances Howard (b c1606, d 08.10.1639, dau of Thomas Howard, Viscount of Bindon)
  partner unknown
c. Sir John Stewart of Methven
  m. Margaret Hamilton (dau of Sir Claud Hamilton of Shawfield, later of Baldony)
  ii. Esme Stuart, 3rd Duke of Lennox and Richmond, Earl of March (d 13.07.1624)
  m. (1607) Catherine Clifton, 'Baroness Clifton' (d 17.09.1637, dau of Gervase Clifton, Lord of Leighton-Bromswold)
  a. Elizabeth Stuart (b 17.10.1610, d 23.01.1673-4)
  m. (03.1626) Henry Frederick Howard, Earl of Arundel, Surrey and Norfolk (b 15.08.1608, 17.04.1652)
  b. James Stuart, 4th Duke of Lennox and Richmond (b 06.04.1612, d 13.03.1655)
  m. (03.08.1637) Mary Villiers (bpt 16.03.1622, d 11.1685, dau of George, 1st Duke of Buckingham)
  (1) Esme Stuart, 5th Duke of Lennox and Richmond (b 02.11.1649, d unm 10.08.1660)
(2) Mary Stuart, de jure Baroness Clifton (b c1650, dsp 04.07.1667)
  m. (09.1664) Richard Butler, Earl of Arran (d 25.01.1685-6)
  c. Anna Stuart (b 23.11.1614, d 16.08.1646)
  m. (16.08.1630) Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus (b c1609, dvp 16.01.1655)
  d. George Stuart, Seigneur d'Aubigny (b 17.07.1618, Edgehill 23.10.1642)
  m. (1638) Katherine Howard (dau of Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk)
  (1) Charles Stuart, 6th Duke of Richmond & Lennox, Earl of Litchfield (b 07.03.1639, dsps 12.12.1672)
  m1. Elizabeth Rogers (d 21.04.1661, dau of Richard Rogers of Brianstone by Anne Cheeke, widow of Charles Cavendish)
  (A) daughter (bur 28.03.1662)
  m2. (31.03.1662) Margaret Banaster (bur 06.01.1666/7, dau of Lawrence Banaster of Papenham, widow of William Lewis of Bletchington)
  m3. (03.1667) Frances Teresa Stewart (d 15.10.1702, dau of Walter Stewart of Blantyre family)
(2) Catherine Stuart, Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold (bpt 05.12.1640, bur 11.11.1702)
  m1. (1664) Henry O'Brien, Lord Ibrackan (dvp 01.12.1678)
  m2. (1679) Sir Joseph Williamson (dsp 03.10.1701)
  e. Frances Stuart (b 19.03.1617, d 03.1694)
  m. (18.06.1632) Jerome Weston, 2nd Earl of Portland (b 16.12.1605, d 17.03.1662/3)
  f.+ other issue - Henry d'Aubigny (bpt 02.04.1616, d 1632), Francis (d young), Ludovic d'Aubigny (b 14.10.1619, d 11.1665), John (b 23.10.1621, d 29.03.1644), Bernard (b c1623, d Rowtonheath 29.09.1645)
  iii. Henrietta Stuart (b 1573, d 02.09.1643)
  m. (1588) George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly (b 1562, d 13.06.1636)
  iv. Marie Stuart (d 11.08.1644)
  m. (07.12.1592) John Erskine, 2nd/23rd Earl of Mar (b c1562, d 14.12.1634)
  v. Gabrielle Stuart (d unm)
4. Helen Stuart (d c11.1564) --
  m1. William Hay, 6th Earl of Erroll (b c1521, d 11/4.05.1541) --
  m2. (08.1548) John Gordon, 11th Earl of Sutherland (b 1525, d 23.06.1567) --

Main source(s): TSP (Lennox), TSP (Kings of Scotland), BP1934 (Kings of England)
Back to top of page